Historically, the greatest threats to our survival were infections and injury, however chronic diseases are now the leading cause of death globally.
Non-communicable chronic diseases are the result of the interaction between our genes and our environment, but since genes don’t change overnight, our diets and lifestyles must be largely to blame.
Some food for thought:
Worldwide obesity, a major risk factor for chronic disease, has nearly tripled since 1975.
In the UK at least 62% of adults and 30% of children aged 2 to 15 are overweight or obese.
Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight, and they are the leading risk factors for all-cause mortality worldwide.
Half of all people born after 1960 will develop cancer at some point in their lives.
40% of all UK cancer cases are directly preventable, meaning you have a 1 in 10 chance of developing a cancer that you have the ability to prevent.
Around one third of deaths from cancer are due to the 5 leading behavioural and dietary risks: high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol use.
94% of all premature deaths in those under 60 are due to non-communicable diseases.
In the past 30 to 40 years, diabetes incidence has risen by over 400%, now occurring in almost 1 in 10 adults.
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.
Type 2 diabetes will reduce your lifespan by approximately 6 years and increase your risk of vascular dementia by up to 300%.
Cardiovascular diseases are now the leading cause of death globally.
Nearly 30% of the total UK population have high blood pressure, with aroundmhalf unaware of this and not receiving treatment.
Having high blood pressure triples your risk of developing heart disease or suffering a stroke.
Having a history of heart disease means that your risk of developing vascular dementia is at least doubled.